Folk Arts and Crafts



In the 19th century, a specific clothing decoration, called kene, was spread in the towns of Kotel, Panagyurishte, Samokov, Koprivshtitza.

These are small pieces  of crochet which are imitations of specimens borrowed from urban Turkish culture. They were made by women of silk and cotton threads on a warp of horse's hairs for strength and hard wear, wide from 2 to 5 cm.

The motifs are miniature and are arranged  in one line along the length of the kene: open work rosettes, small flowers, birds, human figures. A delicate crochet, they function as an exquisite colour decoration of kerchief hems, of necks and sleeves of women's gowns. The Museum has a rich collection of these items. The surviving specimens testify to a typical phenomenon in the formation of Bulgarian folk culture: foreign influences were adapted and transformed as to match popular taste.

1. Traditional Bulgarian Costumes and Folk Arts. National Ethnographic Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Compiled by Viara Kovacheva-Kostadinova, Maria Sarafova, Marina Cherkezova, Nadezhda Teneva. Sofia, 1994.

2. Ethnographic Museum Plovdiv. Compiled by Anka Radeva, Lora Hristozova, Raina Kableshkova, Sonya Semerdjieva, Angel Yankov, Stoyan Antonov, Valentin Manev. Vion Publishing House, 2004.