Николай Тилкиджиев

Успелите роми т. ІІ

Успелите роми т. ІІ

CONTENTS

 
CONTENTS
 
OF THE BOOK “SUCCESSFUL ROMA”
 
 
1.
Preface
Success has no ethnicity
 
 
 
2.
THE APPROACH:
BEFORE WE MEET THE SUCCESSFUL ROMA
 
2.1.
Success and the successful Roma
in the context of social structure and quality of life
 
 
2.1.1.
Who are the successful ones?
 
2.1.2.
Categories of successful Roma. More than a terminological question
 
2.1.3.
The unique and the universal in success
 
2.1.4.
The inevitable precondition of the positive attitude
 
2.2.
Roma identity
in conditions of ethnic prejudices
 
 
2.2.1.
Identity and prejudices
 
2.2.2.
Roma identity. The Roma and the other ethnic groups
 
2.2.3.
Dimensions of rejection. We and Them images, before and now   
 
2.2.4.
The Roma about the others
 
2.3.
Policies towards the Roma: phases and emphases
 
2.3.1.
The unique community or ethnic effacement?
 
2.3.2.
Political decisions on the integration of Gypsies
 
2.3.3.
Towards Roma participation and desegregation
 
 
 
 
3.
THE METHODOLOGY:
HOW WE STUDIED THE SUCCESSFUL ROMA...
 
3.1.
Qualitative research
 
3.1.1.
Ethno-geography of the sample
 
3.1.2.
Fieldwork: personal access
 
3.1.3.
Technology: cores of meanings and basic intervals of life trajectories
 
3.1.4.
Variants of identification and levels of explanation
 
3.2.
The life story method: its potential and limitations
 
3.2.1.
The uniquely individual and the generally valid
 
3.2.2.
Structured self-representations: the past as part of present-day success
 
3.3.
Quantitative study
 
3.3.1.
Typology-quota sample
 
3.3.2.
Responses and difficulties in fieldwork
 
 
 
 
4.
 
 
PROFILE1
SUCCESS for ROMA IN LOCAL ADMINISTRATION, PARTY AND NGO LEADERS
 
4.1.
Conditions of success
 
4.1.1.
The parents, the family: support for children and mastering the Bulgarian language
 
4.1.2.
Desegregated education, asymmetry of success, compensatory mechanisms
 
4.1.3.
Personal motivation: ambition, determination, devotion
 
4.1.4.
Appropriate work, colleagues, going abroad
 
4.1.5.
Party appointments, political lift
 
4.2.
Ethnic barriers to success
 
4.2.1.
The community, the neighbourhood, the ghetto: limited chance for influence coming from the successful ones
 
4.2.2.
Discrimination: the ethnic includes the racial
 
4.2.3.
Success under conditions of discrimination: double effort and “ethno-extras”
 
4.2.4.
Policies on ethnic minorities at state level and NGO level
 
4.3.
The formula of success
 
4.3.1.
Summing up: the cost?
 
4.3.2.
The reverse image: the unsuccessful
 
4.3.3.
Better quality of life, higher cultural status
 
 
 
 
5.
PROFILE 2
SUCCESS for ROMA INTELLECTUALS
 
5.1.
Roma intellectuals
 
5.1.1.
Who are the Roma intellectuals?
 
5.1.2.
Aspects of research. Conceptualization
 
5.2.
Roma students
 
5.2.1.
 Socialization: the family, the teachers
 
5.2.2.
Aspects of everyday life. Dimensions of the political
 
5.2.3.
Nature and dimensions of success
 
5.3.
Roma teachers
 
5.3.1.
Social formation
 
5.3.2.
Standard of living
 
5.3.3.
Social and cultural capital
 
5.3.4.
Success and satisfaction
 
 
 
 
6.
PROFILE 3
SUCCESS for ROMA POLITICIANS AND ADMINISTRATORS
 
6.1.
Origin of the category of Roma in politics and administration
 
6.2.
Ethnicity as a problem
 
6.3.
The education of the children
 
6.4.
“I” and the others
 
6.5.
Discrimination
 
6.6.
Successful and unsuccessful
 
 
 
 
7.
PROFILE 4
SUCCESS for ROMA IN BUSINESS
 
 
7.1.
A start in life
 
7.2.
The family and education of the businessman
 
7.3.
The professional path: “white” or “grey” business?
 
7.4.
Authority within and outside the community
 
7.5.
Dimensions of success and satisfaction
 
 
 
 
8.
PROFILE 5
SUCCESS for ROMA JOURNALISTS
 
8.1.
The school and the parents
 
8.2.
The professional path
 
8.3.
Ethnic affiliation and success
 
8.4.
Standard of living and community life
 
8.5.
Success and recognition
 
8.6.
About the Roma in the media
 
8.7.
Proving oneself and the burden of the community
 
 
 
 
9.
PROFILE 6
SUCCESS for ROMA MUSICIANS
 
9.1.
The role of the parents and specialized education
 
9.2.
Ethnic barriers
 
9.3.
Standard of living, social environment, social participation
 
9.4.
Success and recognition
 
 
 
 
10.
THE ETHNIC COMMUNITY REGARDING SUCCESS AND THE SUCCESSFUL
 
10.1.
The social and cultural capital of the community
 
10.1.1.
Cultural capital as a key to success
 
10.1.2.
Social capital and integration
 
10.2.
The community’s hierarchies
 
10.2.1.
The Roma on success: is the representation “distorted”?
 
10.2.2.
The feeling of being discriminated
 
10.3.
The community attitude towards the successful: mediators or strangers among their own?
 
10.4.
Poverty in the community and the individual’s success
 
10.5.
Between defensive helplessness and positive ambition
 
10.5.1.
The perception of the successful and the unsuccessful
 
10.5.2.
Positive ambition to improve one’s status
 
 
 
 
11.
EXPERTS ON THE SUCCESSFUL ROMA
 
11.1.
Opinions of Bulgarian experts
(Boyan Zahariev, Georgi Krystev, Rumyan Sechkov, Lilia Dimova, Aleksey Pamporov)
·         What is decisive for a separate Roma to succeed?
·         Success: according to society or according to the Roma ethnic group?
·         Specific features of “Roma success
·         Succeeding according to the Roma sub-culture
·         Prejudices regarding the success of Roma
·         Discrimination on the road to success
·         The ethnic community and the (non-)acceptance of the successful
·         How Bulgarians look upon success among the Roma?
·         How can the positive images of successful Roma become visible?
 
 
11.2.
What are the Rumanian successful Roma?
(Iuliana Precupetu, Ana Maria Preoteasa)
·       Traditional, compact, and integrated Roma communities
·       Less than 1%: Rumanian Roma with higher than secondary education
·       Roma students: from integrated families
·       Intellectuals hide their Roma identity
·       Roma political parties: less known among the Roma
·       The most popular Rumanian Roma leaders: Roma NGOs
·       Positive discrimination as social innovation
·       The successful Roma become integrated, but their tie to the community is broken
·       The Roma prefer a Rumanian identity
 
 
11.3.
Positive discrimination and identity
(Sorin Cace, Gelu Duminica)
·         The “new Roma elite” in Rumania: a result of “positive discrimination
·         Ethnic quotas for Roma students: experience and results
·         The parents’ educational level: decisive for school participation
·         The mother’s role for the success of the Roma in school is significant
·         Roma identity as a resource for obtaining status and a profession
·         The lack of institutional demand for individual success strategies
·         Highly qualified Roma turn their backs to the community and break with it
·         Once again, the Roma do not fit into the employment system
·         Most graduates start with Roma NGOs
·         The Roma cannot recognize their community’s mediators, political parties, and leaders 
 
 
11.4.
Rumanian experts on the Rumanian “Roma elite”
(Reka Geambaşu, Adrian Nekulau)
·       The State as a factor of emerging Roma “elite” in Romania
·       Types of Roma “elite”: initiators, university educated and Roma NGO liders
·       Difficulties of acceptance of Roma in the national elite
·       Necessity of much more efforts of Roma
·       Positive discrimination (affirmative actions) as a main factor of emerging successful Roma
 
 
 
 
 
12.
PROSPECTS
Success means surmounting the ethnos…
 
 
 
 
 
13.
SUPPLEMENTS
 
13.1.
Questionnaire for in-depth interview (qualitative study) with successful Roma
 
13.2.
Standardized interview (quantitative study) with one-dimensional distributions
 
13.3.
Questionnaires for Bulgarian and Rumanian experts
 
13.4.
Questionnaire for focus group discussions regarding the formula of success
 
13.5.
Indicators and responses regarding identity and success among the Roma according to ISSP and ESS (1995-2006)
 
13.6.
Statistical data on the Roma from the Population Census of  National Statistics (2011)
 
13.7.
The respondents of the in-depth interviews: successful Roma
 
13.8.
The interviewers of the in-depth interviews
 
13.9
LITERATURE
 
13.13.
The authors
 
13.10.
Annotation in Bulgarian
 
13.11.
Annotation in English
 
13.12.
Contents in English
 
 
 

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